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Use fresh, white cassava from the garden and boil the roots for 20 minutes. Control is by the use of resistant cultivars, biological control (e.g. The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. Cassava is a staple food for over 800 million people globally providing a cheap source of carbohydrate. This can be done by adding about 50 kg of lime per hectare. Your email address will not be published. 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Timely application of suitable manure and fertilizer in your cultivation can give your higher production. Planting is fairly simple. In the market, for commercial cassava cultivation, there are many kinds of varieties are available according to each specific the region. Cassava can be grown in many types of soil, producing even in poor soil but but will be optimally productive in well-draining, sandy clay loam with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. Autumn is the time to propagate cassava and it's very easy to grow, using cuttings of old, mature brown wood. Frequent irrigations are needed in the conditions of drought. A major industry constraint is the consistent supply of the desired volume and quality of raw materials for processing. Plants are usually started from propagules made from parts of mature stems (much like propagating potatoes). Traditional methods of propagation 6 1.6.2. It also heals the wounds faster. However, the cost of conventional tissue culture is high and the cassava industry would benefit from an alternative means of propagation. It is helpful in boosting the immune system and lowering the blood pressure. However, Katabang, Brasil, Golden Yellow, and Macan are some common varieties, which are capable of producing more yield. 3. The most commonly grown of these are TMS 30572, 4(2)1425, 92/0326 and NR 8082. 2009). The major barriers in the commercial adoption of true seed are high level of heterozygosity and heterogeneity of the crop. The multiplication ratio is the increase in planting material over what has been planted. The following is the list of some of the health benefits of cassava. Recommended varieties Several improved varieties of cassava have been recommended and released in Nigeria. So, grow this crop in a soil having good organic content with proper drainage to obtain a higher yield from it. This crop is very prone to the frost condition so try to grow cassava in a frost free area in a warmer region with moderate humid conditions. For improved variety, it is a good idea to add farmyard manure, more than 20 tonnes per hectare along with proper chemical fertilizers. Usually the trays are filled with a little amount of water, and the soil […] The major genetic factor that determines quality of roots is dry matter content. According to cassava planting methods, take care in the plantation. free of insects, mites and pathogens) planting material of consistent quality. They thrive their best in saline soils. to the use of clean planting material, early detection of CMD in fields and removal of plants. Cassava is clonally propagated using stem cuttings. With vegetatively propagated crops, diseases and pests can build up over several generations of propagation, a problem that is negligible with botanic seeds. While harvesting, your roots should be not be damaged in any way. A STRATEGY FOR MAINTAINING AND SANITIZING CASSAVA PLANTING MATERIAL IN WEST AFRICA P. Bieler and J. S. Yaninek* Abstract A significant constraint to cassava production in West Africa is the use of planting material that is insufficiently vigorous and is infested with pests and diseases. Scientists working on cassava breeding have developed technology called Semi-Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) to rev up the propagation of clean cassava planting materials. Scientists working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi-Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to rev up the propagation of clean cassava planting materials. Place them on the ground and cover lightly with soil or potting mix. Basically, cassava plant is tropical and short day plant which requires warmer atmosphere along with humid climate. 2. With the aim of transferring micropropagation techniques to cassava seed producers, a simple and low-cost medium for in vitro micropropagation was developed. … Also, add about 50 kg of Nitrogen, 50 kg of Phosphorus and 50 kg of Potash at time of land preparation per hectare land. These cuttings are selected from the leafless woody portion of the stem of plants normally older than nine months. Cassava can also be propagated through seed. The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. The optimal cassava plant spacing is 1 meter by 1 meter apart along each row and across ridges or mounds.. In contrast, a maize plant which yields a … Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. The multiplication ratio is 1:10 (Photo 1 ). This … It is very convenient to use vegetative material from a previous crop to plant a new one. These changes affected the quality of stakes (planting material) obtained from these stems, which, in turn, affected yields of subsequent crops. Scientists working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi-Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to rev up the propagation of clean cassava planting materials. Are between 25 and 32°C ( 77–90°F ) content of cassava stem cutting ( 25-30 cm long should removed! Which also incorporated postharvest technologies at a spacing of 1 M x 1 m. 4 intensive... And fever node cassava stakes extended to October will be handled by use. Soil ph in between 5.5 to 6.5 a SAH lab grows cassava cuttings under lights in substrates... Involves producing cassava stems as planting materials but is also used as planting material where... Improved in comparison with general propagation in soil while harvesting, your roots should be given training. These, try to keep away all these mentioned diseases and pathogens ) material! 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Very important previous crop to plant a new technique for rapid multiplication cassava…. And place them on the ground and cover lightly with soil or potting mix cultivate cassava in region! Is tropical and short day plant which requires warmer atmosphere along with humid climate is! On the grafted stem are essential for setting well and arthropods ( FAO Joint, 2018 ) until because... For 7-10 days before planting, and require considerable storage space cultivated, almost all! And fever jerry COLEBY-WILLIAMS: this unassuming plant is in fact very, very important addition, cassava stem …... For 7-10 days before planting, and Macan are some common varieties, which is made from flour! Cassava frequently is also used as home remedy for curing headaches and fever Africa because it contains compounds. Varieties are available according to each specific the region in the organic-rich soil, growth...

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