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Ne veux-tu pas te doucher? Ne t'es-tu pas habillé? The basics of this are discussed in the compound verb and dual-verb lessons, but inversion further complicates matters. Didn't you eat it there? The order of words in a French sentence can be very confusing, due to dual-verb constructions; object, adverbial , and reflexive pronouns; and negative structures. Follow This Word Order for Correct French Sentences Dual-Verb Constructions. Negative structures surround the conjugated verb and precede the preposition (if any). Won't we continue to work there? The pronouns precede the verb and the negative structure surrounds that group: ne + pronouns + verb-subject + part two of negative structure. Don't you want to take a shower? If your head is spinning, take a few deep breaths and take a look at this list, a simple review of the proper order for all these helpful (and perhaps a bit confusing) words: Me, te, nous, vous Le, le, les, l’ Don't you promise to study? Adverbial pronouns are always placed in this position. Object and reflexive pronouns are usually placed between the two verbs and after the preposition(if any) that follows the conjugated verb. > I need… Inversion is commonly used to ask questions: the subject and verb are inverted and joined by a hyphen. If one of the adjectives usually comes BEFORE the noun and the other usually goes AFTER the noun, the word order follows the usual pattern. B. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Correct Placement of Pronouns and Negative Structures, Basics of French Word Order with Inversion, Personal Pronouns: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Understanding Object Pronoun Verb Order in French, Overview of the French Causative "le Causatif", How to Say 'None,' 'No One,' 'Nothing" in French, Introduction to the French Imperative Mood, The Ten Most Common Intermediate French Mistakes, French Indirect Objects and Indirect Object Pronouns, Prepositions: Small and Mighty Words That Drive French Sentences, Introduction to the French Past Infinitive. Ne me le lis-tu pas ? Ne le lis-tu pas ? The order of words in a French sentence can be very confusing, due to dual-verb constructions; object, adverbial, and reflexive pronouns; and negative structures. Continuerons-nous à travailler? Won't we continue to work? If there is a second pronoun, that gets placed as in C above. Me promets-tu d'étudier? Dual-verb constructions have a slightly different word order than compound verbs tenses. In order to determine this, think about which verb is being modified. Because in French, the object pronoun must go in front of the verb it modifies. Aren't you reading it to me? Word order is important because, if you get it wrong, the sentence will read like nonsense in French. The two verbs may or may not be joined by a preposition. Ne veux-tu pas manger? Veux-tu le manger? Dual-verb constructions consist of a conjugated semi-auxiliary verb, such as pouvoir and devoir (called modal verbs in English), vouloir, aller, espérer, and promettre, followed by a second verb in the infinitive. Here, we're going to take a look at all of these and suggest the best positioning of words so that you don't end up with French sentences that make no sense. Do you promise me that you'll study. Continuerons-nous à y travailler? Don't you want to eat? Do you want to eat it? Don't you want to eat it? Aren't you reading it? Ne l'y as-tu pas mangé? Veux-tu te doucher? Will we continue to work? In French you can use more than one adjective at a time to describe someone or something. Why? Object and Reflexive Pronouns. Ne veux-tu pas le manger? If both adjectives usually come AFTER the noun, they are joined together with et (meaning and). Je dois me les brosser. Do you want to take a shower? Didn't you get dressed? Ne me promets-tu pas d'étudier? The order of words in a French sentence can be confusing, especially if you have, as we do, dual-verb constructions, object and adverbial pronouns, and negative structures. Don't you promise me that you'll study it? Adverbial pronouns are always placed in this position. The wrong place may give you a grammatically incorrect sentence or may even change the meaning of the sentence. Consider the examples in this chart. 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