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1. (13-18) Gad, Asher, Naphtali. Under Barak, Israel was led to break their bonds (Judges 4-5). 22. a fruitful bough, &c.--denotes the extraordinary increase of that tribe (compare Numbers 1:33-35 , Joshua 17:17 , Deuteronomy 33:17 ). Concerning Gad, Jacob alludes to his name, which signifies a troop, and foresees the character of that tribe. The Jews have been for eighteen centuries without a ruler and without a judge since Shiloh came, and "to Him the gathering of the people has been.". (1,2) Reuben, Simeon, Levi. Genesis 49:14 Genesis 49:15 . His faith did not fail, but through his trials he bore all his burdens with firmness, and did not do anything unbecoming. What Jacob says of him, is history as well as prophecy. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 49 « Previous Chapter 48. Thus dying Jacob at a great distance saw Christ's day, and it was his comfort and support on his death-bed. If God's people be our people, death will gather us to them. Genesis 49:5-7 . Commentary on Genesis 49:19-21 (Read Genesis 49:19-21) Concerning Gad, Jacob alludes to his name, which signifies a troop, and foresees the character of that tribe. When he had finished both his blessing and his charge, and so had finished his testimony, he addressed himself to his dying work. . Being set apart to God as priests, they were in that character scattered through the nation of Israel. Genesis 49:19 Gad sounds like the Hebrew for attack and also for band of raiders. Besides the honor of giving name to the Promised Land, David, and a greater than David--the Messiah--sprang from it. But they were generally victorious in the close of their wars. The cryptic blessings. It is our wisdom and duty to accommodate ourselves to our lot, and to improve it; if Zebulun dwell at the heaven of the sea, let him be for a haven of ships. What will befall the sons of Jacob in the last days. Blessed Paul was of this tribe, Romans 11:1; Philippians 3:5; he, in the morning of his day, devoured the prey as a persecutor, but in the evening divided the spoils as a preacher; he shared the blessings of Judah's Lion, and assisted in his victories. REUBEN forfeited by his crime the rights and honors of primogeniture. Shiloh, that promised Seed in whom the earth should be blessed, "that peaceable and prosperous One," or "Saviour," he shall come of Judah. Levi had cities allotted to them ( Joshua 21:1-45 ) in every tribe. He freely gave up his spirit into the hand of God, the Father of spirits. Dan--"a judge." Jacob does not curse their persons, but their lusts. Concerning Issachar: he saw that the land was pleasant, yielding not only pleasant prospects, but pleasant fruits to recompense his toils. . His calling them together was a precept for them to unite in love, not to mingle with the Egyptians; and foretold that they should not be separated, as Abraham's sons and Isaac's were, but should all make one people. 10. until Shiloh come--Shiloh--this obscure word is variously interpreted to mean "the sent" ( John 17:3 ), "the seed" ( Isaiah 11:1 ), the "peaceable or prosperous one" ( Ephesians 2:14 )--that is, the Messiah ( Isaiah 11:10 , Romans 15:12 ); and when He should come, "the tribe of Judah should no longer boast either an independent king or a judge of their own" [CALVIN]. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Salem Media Group. Genesis 49:8-12 The Blessing Upon Judah. Not only separated in Egypt, but, possessing eminent dignity, and more devoted to God. The portrait of Naphtali’s future is one of unhindered freedom and increase. The whole of these prophetic declarations, from Genesis 49:2-27 inclusive, is delivered in strongly figurative language, and in the poetic form, which, in every translation, should be preserved as nearly as possible, rendering the version line for line with the original. Jacob called unto his sons--It is not to the sayings of the dying saint, so much as of the inspired prophet, that attention is called in this chapter. Isaiah 55:1. Christ, as our way to heaven, is to be waited on; and heaven, as our rest in Christ, is to be waited for. God was praised for him, Genesis 29:35, praised by him, and praised in him; therefore his brethren shall praise him. Asher should be a rich tribe. 9:25, etc. The murder of the Shechemites is a proof of this. ", Genesis 49:16-18 . CHAPTER 49. Genesis 49:21 . Jacob called unto his sons--It is not to the sayings of the dying saint, so much as of the inspired prophet, that attention is called in this chapter. The salvation he waited for was Christ, the promised Seed; now that he was going to be gathered to his people, he breathes after Him to whom the gathering of the people shall be. Genesis 49:3 Genesis 49:4 . It was established in lower Galilee--a "good land," settling down in the midst of the Canaanites, where, for the sake of quiet, they "bowed their shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute. Unlike the laborious ox and ass; desirous of ease and liberty; active, but more noted for quick despatch than steady labour and perseverance. While the NASV translates verse 21 to read “words” in the second line, it seems preferable to render it … In this, as in many other things, Joseph was a remarkable type of the Good Shepherd, and tried Corner Stone of the whole church of God. We shall remain unmoved until our work is finished; then, breathing out our souls into His hands for whose salvation we have waited, we shall depart in peace, and leave a blessing for our children after us. On account of their zeal against idolatry, they were honorably "divided in Jacob"; whereas the tribe of Simeon, which was guilty of the grossest idolatry and the vices inseparable from it, were ignominiously "scattered.". "Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst … All Rights Reserved. The sentence as it respects Levi was turned into a blessing. Naphtali, is a hind let loose. I will divide them. All Jacob's sons were living. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Much which is here said concerning Judah, is to be applied to our Lord Jesus. Chief among the tribes, "it grew up from a lion's whelp"--that is, a little power--till it became "an old lion"--that is, calm and quiet, yet still formidable. (19-21) Joseph and Benjamin. Genesis 49:1. David Guzik commentary on Genesis 49 describes the blessing of the sons of Jacob, and gives an account of Jacob's death and request to be buried in Canaan. (28-33). Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Cursed be their anger. (22-27) Jacob's charge respecting his burial, His death. Genesis 49:19 . He spoke about his burial-place, from a principle of faith in the promise of God, that Canaan should be the inheritance of his seed in due time. א וַיִּקְרָ֥א יַֽעֲקֹ֖ב אֶל־בָּנָ֑יו וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֵאָֽסְפוּ֙ וְאַגִ� Naphtali is a doe let loose, He gives beautiful words (Genesis 49:21). Genre; The passage is narrative and records a judgment oracle of Jacob for each of his 12 sons. Concerning Zebulun: if prophecy says, Zebulun shall be a haven of ships, be sure Providence will so plant him. Like the suppliant who, with goodly words, craves mercy. Genesis 49:20 . Proud member ISSACHAR--, 14. a strong ass couching down between two burdens--that is, it was to be active, patient, given to agricultural labors. Jacob's prophetic words obviously refer not so much to the sons as to the tribes of Israel. While the NASV translates verse 21 to read “words” in the second line, it seems preferable to render it more naturally, “fawns,” as in the King James Version. The portrait of Naphtali’s future is one of unhindered freedom and increase. Let us, with an eye of faith, see the heavenly rest to be good, and that land of promise to be pleasant; this will make our present services easy. Reuben's sin left a lasting infamy upon his family. Judah should be the royal tribe, the tribe from which Messiah the Prince should come. Its allotment was the seacoast between Tyre and Carmel, a district fertile in the production of the finest corn and oil in all Palestine. DAN--though the son of a secondary wife, was to be "as one of the tribes of Israel.". He gathered up his feet into the bed, not only as one patiently submitting to the stroke, but as one cheerfully composing himself to rest, now that he was weary. Gen. 49:1-28. SIMEON AND LEVI were associate in wickedness, and the same prediction would be equally applicable to both their tribes. And Jacob called his sons and said, … In him there is plenty of all which is nourishing and refreshing to the soul, and which maintains and cheers the Divine life in it. It is the comfort of a dying saint thus to have waited for the salvation of the Lord; for then he shall have what he has been waiting for. Men do not thrive, because they do not fix. His posterity never made any figure; no judge, prophet, nor ruler, sprang from this tribe. Genesis 49:13 . We ought, from our hearts, to abhor all bloody and mischievous men. The history of the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh shows how fully these blessings were realized. Dan should, by art, and policy, and surprise, gain advantages against his enemies, like a serpent biting the heel of the traveller. of GENESIS 49 PROPHECIES OF THE LAST DAYS. Judah is compared, not to a lion raging and ranging, but to a lion enjoying the satisfaction of his power and success, without creating vexation to others; this is to be truly great. Genesis 49:1 Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, "Assemble yourselves that I may tell you what will befall you in the days to come (Hebrew - acharith; Lxx = eschatos hemera = last days [ep eschaton ton hemeron]).. Jacob was guided in what he said by the Spirit of prophecy, and not by natural affection; else he would have spoken with more tenderness of his beloved son Benjamin. 17. Genesis 49:11-12 The exuberant fertility of Judah‘s province is now depicted. But in mentioning his wishes now and rehearsing all the circumstances connected with the purchase of Machpelah, he wished to declare, with his latest breath, before all his family, that he died in the same faith as Abraham. 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