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To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). It poured actually. Most water gardens utilize floating plants, which are rooted in the bottom. All Rights Reserved. Maintaining dense beneficial vegetation around your lake or pond is extremely important for improving water quality, preventing erosion and controlling nuisance geese. For more information on a wide variety of Smart Gardening articles, or to find out about Smart Gardening classes and events, visit www.migarden.msu.edu. A dense strip of native plants is an important buffer filtering snow and water runoff and preventing soil erosion. Mary Wilson, Michigan State University Extension - These buffer strips or ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other pollution before it reaches the lake. Some do best in full sun, while others do better in partial to full shade. For more information, consult . It grows from 2 to 5 feet in damp sites, especially along streams, and flowers from July to October. Shoreline vegetation provides food and cover for a variety of aquatic animals, so it is likely that frogs, fish, song birds, and wading birds will inhabit shorelines that have a diversity of native plants. Keep reading to find out the some of the top aquatic plants for your pond! The Novi Cottage and Lakefront Living Show on Feb. 27-March 2; the West Michigan Home and Garden Show on March 6-9; and the Lansing Home and Garden Show on March 13-16 will host a variety of free seminars, informational booths and be the site to “ask the experts” from MSU Extension about your gardening questions. These runners form roots at their nodes. SHORELINE TREES AND SHRUBS These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. A guide to the tried and true workhorse native plants for shoreline restoration and protection. The plant has strong roots and can survive through wide variations of the water level and displays an affinity for high levels of phosphates and hard waters. Most are native to Wisconsin. Examples from Big Sandy Lake and Crow Wing county. Common Arrowhead The Common Arrowhead is an emergent plant, meaning it grows near the shoreline with the leaves out of the water. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Diverting surface runoff away from the bluff (including rain gutter outlets). . This plant has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk. Examples of these plants are tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. Michigan State University Extension’s horticulture educators will present Smart Gardening in a variety of ways at three public shows in Michigan during 2014. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Well thought-out shoreline plantings can be aesthetically pleasing, used to enhance or frame a view as well as provide season long interest at the water’s edge. Canada Anemone(Anemone canadensis) Canada anemone (sometimes called Canadian anemone) is an herbaceous perennial of the buttercup family and is native to moist meadows, stream banks and lake shores in North America. Certain plants are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM and others are suited to growing above the OHWM. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. Native plants like sedges and rushes (grass-like plants along the shore) often have extensive root and stabilize the shoreline better than non-native plants like turf grasses (lawn). Different plants thrive better in specific situations. Then go about choosing what plants will serve your needs and aesthetic. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. Their height is anywhere from 2 to 3 feet and they flower from May to August. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. These plants have most or all of their vegetative and flowering parts above the surface of the water or on the shoreline. The deep, robust root systems of these plants bind soils in the area where the majority of erosion is occurring, just below the water surface. Trees and shrubs for this area tolerate soils that are consistently moist, but are less likely to flood. Our experts weighed in to identify the six most common shoreline environments and the plants that work best for each: Sandy, dry soil: Bush honeysuckle (native), Common or Creeping Juniper, Smooth Wild Rose, Shadblow Serviceberry, Common Spicebush, White Pine, Snowberry, Fragrant Sumac It applies to all types of shorelines in both marine and lake environments—from rocky to sand and gravel shores, estuaries to mudflats, rock cliffs to coastal bluffs. For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. soil Wet to moist light Sun to part shade. Adding habitat for birds and butterflies will add to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space. location Plant along lake edge. Sandpipers, cardinals and juncos eat the seeds. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. Wetland plants established on the shoreline are a preferred method for stabilizing pond banks, and they provide many benefits beyond erosion prevention. Milkweed grows in swamps, thickets and along wet shorelines and the flowers attract and provide food for butterflies, especially monarchs. These littoral zones provide a key habitat for wading birds, fish, and other aquatic invertebrate to forage or to find refuge within. Best of all, it blooms all summer! Sedimentation alters the ecosystem in lakes in ways like: removing or damaging plants that the fish need for food and spawning; bringing pollutants from the shore/soil into the water; and causing the water to … Smart choices for lakefront landscapes include the following natives: The beautiful fall color of red maple. A littoral plant can be defined as any aquatic plant along a lake shoreline. This planting area is further away from the high water mark and features drier soils. Having a healthy ecosystem of shoreline plants plays an important role in improving and maintaining the quality of your lake. Some of the best plants for bank stabilization are native grass, and other grass varieties like vetch, wheatgrass, or rye. Shoreline erosion affects both the Great Lakes and inland lakes in Michigan. Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality. They should be a mix of flowers, grasses, sedges and even trees and shrubs. Along river bluffs, river currents can erode the supporting soil. They grow in shallow areas and banks of lakes, ponds, rivers, and ditches. They have limited wildlife value, so they are resistant to being eaten by waterfowl and other animals. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. For summer color and interest, Daylilies are hardy and durable for lakeshore settings. Be sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area. Photo credit: Mary Ellen Harte, Bugood.org. The underground tuber (duck potato) is preferred by at least 15 species of ducks, including canvasbacks, but many times the tubers are buried too deep for them to reach. You will find that they only need controlling once per year or less. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! SOLitude Lake Management is a nationwide environmental firm committed to providing sustainable solutions that improve water quality, enhance beauty, preserve natural resources and reduce our environmental footprint. Some examples of readily available natives suited for this area include: Close-up of buttonbush’s fragrant, summer flowers and attractive shiny leaves. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. Plants should be chosen which best suits the site to provide the best potential for shoreline stabilization. works best for waterways or inland lakes where continuous and resistive bank protection measures are needed. In addition, the introduction of beneficial aquatic plants will discourage the growth of undesirable plants and algae, provide food for fish, filter the water and wildlife, and help stabilize both the shoreline and lake bottom. Identifying the OHWM is important because site conditions vary greatly above and below this mark. They grow in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water. Many people ask why we always suggest native plants for a shoreline garden. The OHWM is also a regulatory point of reference and, according to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, only native Michigan species may be planted below the OHWM. In the long run, it will also reduce the likelihood of excessive pond algae and other water quality issues that come from nutrient loading, thereby reducing the need for constant herbicide treatments, and lowering your long-term costs associated with managing your waterbody. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Upland. Whether you are working along a lake, stream or Puget Sound, restoring your shoreline provides numerous benefits for wildlife and you. The OHWM is the level where the action of water is so common and long lasting that it leaves evidence, or a “mark,” on the landscape. It has creeping underwater rhizomes with heart-shaped leaves and violet-blue spikes extending about the water. The best plants to protect your shore - A Case Study. The plants above the shoreline are usually a mixture of native grasses, sedges (very similar to grasses), and perennial flowers called forbs. The following are some specific recommendations to help you create a beautiful and functional shoreline. Shoreline Landscaping for Lake Protection. Between the water level and OHWM. It grows to be 2 to 6 feet high with flowers from June to August. Establishing buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little maintenance. Tropical lilies are usually the best flowering plants. Prevent erosion of higher shoreline bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the bluff. For water quality grass, and flowers from July to October Director, MSU Extension or bias against those mentioned. To 6 feet high with flowers from July to October feet in damp sites, along. 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