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Video source material can enrich your research. The paraphrase already has the author’s name, but the year published needs to be added in parentheses. 7, Timestamps for Audiovisual Materials in APA Style", How to Create a Reference for a YouTube Video", How to Create a Reference for a YouTube Video, In-text citation: (Screen name, year, time of quoted material within video e.g. You also need to add contextual text around the paraphrase so it fits within your paper. The American Psychological Association (APA) created a writing style in 1929 that calls for uniformity and consistency in giving credit to sources in your research. The first step in creating an effective paraphrase is to carefully read the original source. [Screen name]. In-Text Paraphrase: (Creator's Last Name, Year) Example: (Nye, 2009) In-Text Quote: (Creator's Last Name, Year, timestamp) Example: (Nye, 2009, 0:55) Note: Because the timestamp serves the same purpose in a video as page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings, you include it in the in-text citation. Based on the notes above, a paraphrase would look something like this: With his inaugural speech, Roosevelt was carefully trying to prepare citizens of the Nation to face the harsh reality that the Great Depression had caused, while also reassuring them that the country would endure and eventually prosper again. If an archived webinar is recoverable online, it can be cited as an online video as well. Do schools kill creativity|Sir Ken Robinson|TED Talks [Video]. If the video was retrieved from the TED website: Robinson, K. (2006, February). My parents traveled from Italy to Germany and then France. You can create a parenthetical citation or a narrative citation to accomplish this. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/ken_robinson_says_schools_kill_creativity.html. In order to create a stellar paraphrase, you need to change the structure and the words, but keep the main idea intact. For further details, visit this guide on APA in-text citations. (Producer). Use a comma between the author and the year inside the parenthesis, and put the period for the end of the sentence outside the parenthesis. My parents visited Italy and then Germany and France. a paragraph number, if provided; alternatively, you can count paragraphs down … If the TED video was posted on YouTube and that's where you retrieved it (versus directly from ted.com): TED. 6 Paraphrasing and Citation Activities, APA Style 7th Edition Author: American Psychological Association Subject: paraphrasing Keywords: APA Style, 7th edition, paraphrasing, in-text citations Created Date: 6/11/2020 5:21:13 PM “From Italy they visited Germany and France. Although the first and third sentences change the sentence structure and vocabulary in the sample below, there are some sections that are taken word-for-word from the original. (2013, February 12). It was given by a U.S. president during the Great Depression. I, their eldest child, was born at Naples. Franklin Delano Roosevelt gave an inaugural address in January 1933 during the Great Depression. Yes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9CE55wbtY. Washington, DC: Author. In order to paraphrase, read through the text once to get the gist of it, and then again for deeper understanding. Although paraphrasing is not difficult, it does take time and a little forethought to do it correctly. I, their eldest child, was born at Naples. Why was it written? In a narrative citation, you introduce the author’s name as part of the sentence, and put the year in parenthesis. Even though you are putting a paraphrase into your own words, APA requires an in-text citation for paraphrasing. Who wrote it? A. TED Conferences. Oh, say can you see by the dawn’s early light YouTube. They were very close, and shared that love they had for each other with me (Shelley, 1818, p. 78). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9CE55wbtY. I remained for several years their only child. In order to avoid plagiarism, APA delineates the way to give credit to sources when you are paraphrasing. How to paraphrase in five steps. I, their eldest child, was born at Naples, and as an infant accompanied them in their rambles. What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming? Fields, J. Retrieved from https://livestream.com/royalroads/events/7167907/videos/152782627. Do schools kill creativity|Sir Ken Robinson|TED Talks [Video file and transcript]. Paraphrasing is the art of putting information into your own words while writing a research paper, in order to maintain the academic integrity of your project. We cite according to the 8th edition of MLA, 6th edition of APA, and 16th edition of Chicago (8th edition Turabian). See "How to Create a Reference for a YouTube Video" from the APA Style Blog for more information and examples. Nor need we shrink from honestly facing conditions in our country today. Retrieved from blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/10/how-to-create-a-reference-for-a-youtube-video.html#comment-6a01157041f4e3970b017ee88820ca970d, Lastname, A. (year, month day). As the oldest child, I traveled with them after being born in Naples. For this article, we’re just focusing on in-text citations in paraphrases. Published on November 5, 2020 by Jack Caulfield. Next, take notes on the context of the source (you can look at the source for this). For more information, see "How to Cite a TED Talk in APA Style" from the APA Style Blog. Citing Paraphrased Material in APA Style Whenever you paraphrase material in APA format, you must place an in-text citation in your paper, noting the source you paraphrased. Reference List: Audiovisual Media. How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers. For example: Axe, J., & Bell, T. (2017, March 27). Without immediately looking at the text, jot down what you think is the main point or concept of it. For this passage, a few example notes could be: Now’s the time to construct the paraphrase. Producer, A. An APA in-text citation means including the source’s author, year published, and page numbers (if available). How to properly paraphrase If you do not properly paraphrase your source material following the APA style, you are at the risk of losing credibility as a writer and possibly plagiarizing. APA 6th edition (scroll down for APA 7th edition), Lastname, A. Reference citation for a video. Do schools kill creativity|Sir Ken Robinson|TED Talks [Video file]. With his inaugural speech, Roosevelt (1933) was carefully trying to prepare citizens of the United States to face the harsh reality that the Great Depression had caused, while also reassuring them that the country would eventually bounce back. If this is the case, the paraphrase would look something like this: This great country will endure as it has endured, will come back to life and will prosper. Lunch and learn: Giving feedback on student writing [Video file]. How to cite a YouTube video in APA Style. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 8.23 and 8.24 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. [username if provided]. Francis Scott Key (1814) wrote very special words while overlooking a battle: Oh, say can you see by the dawn’s early light, what so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming? For both types of in-text citation, you will need the following source information: For a parenthetical citation, write your paraphrase and then add the author and year in parenthesis at the end.   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sd3DYvBGyFs, Axe, J., & Bell, T. (2017, March 27). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000, Was this helpful? APA rules say that a paraphrase should be approximately the same length as the original. There are several steps you should follow in order to achieve success. Quotation or Paraphrase (Watson, 2014) Watson (2014) showed how to capture bunnies in the garden and relocate them but warned that . The paraphrase above doesn’t not look too similar to the original, but we could still change a few words that were also in the original phrase (like “Nation,” “endure,” and “prosper). If the webinar is livestreamed but not recorded, or if the recording is not publicly accessible, it is not included in a reference list, but cited as personal communication instead (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 344). Retrieved from URL. An in-text citation is closed in parentheses, and contains the last name of the source's author and the year the source was published. Even when you paraphrase with your own terms, you still must provide in-text citations (according to the formatting requirements—APA, AMA, MLA, etc.). [Screen name]. Even though citing videos may seem tricky at times, the American Psychological Association (APA) has formulated clear guidelines for citing video material. We are sorry that this post was not useful for you! Be careful to put everything into your own words. © 2001-2020 EasyBib, a Chegg service. American Psychological Association. Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. After reading the original source and determining what details can help you formulate your argument, take a minute to jot down some notes. No 1:25), In-text citation: (Robinson, 2006, 15:45), In-text citation: (Axe & Bell, 2017, 18:05), In-text citation: (Screen name, year, time stamp). Title of video [Video file]. Brene Brown on the power of being vulnerable [Video]. Much as they were attached to each other, they seemed to draw inexhaustible stores of affection from a very mine of love to bestow them upon me. If you are quoting or paraphrasing your own previous work, treat it as another person’s work (i.e., you must still use quotation marks and/or citations). Royal Roads University. If you referred to a video's transcript and wish to cite the transcript that is available from the same location as the video (e.g., the "transcript" option in a YouTube video), please include the words "and transcript" in the reference: TED. Read it the first time to get the overall understanding, and then do a second closer reading in order to gather details and material that will help you formulate your argument. (2007, January 6). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9CE55wbtY. For more information, see page 343 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). . Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). (2007, January 6). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sd3DYvBGyFs. The context of this passage is also significant. Note down key concepts. Next take notes in your own words. Remember: All in-text citations will also need a corresponding APA reference in the APA reference list. When you paraphrase, cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. https://livestream.com/royalroads/events/7167907/videos/152782627. There is no equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style (i.e., this page was written from scratch), but the old resource for electronic sources, which covers similar ground, can be found here. This great Nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper…. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Video Transcript If you referred to a video's transcript and wish to cite the transcript that is available from the same location as the video (e.g., the "transcript" option in a YouTube video), please include the words "and transcript" in the reference: In order to construct a paraphrase, you need to include the same information, but with different sentence structure and different vocabulary. Title of video [Video]. Fields, J. (2012, October 3). This is a good time to add the APA requirements of author and year of the source so that you have it handy. What do you think he was trying to achieve? Place a comma after the last name and... Next, list the screen name of the video’s uploader, as it is spelled on the page, within brackets. Revised, it looks like this: With his inaugural speech, Roosevelt was carefully trying to prepare citizens of the United States to face the harsh reality that the Great Depression had caused, while also reassuring them that the country would eventually bounce back. Reference list we shrink from honestly facing conditions in our country today author ’ s name part! See `` How to create a reference for a YouTube Video [ Blog comment! To be added in parentheses that 's where you retrieved it ( versus directly from ted.com ): TED of. Now ’ s author, year published, and shared that love they had for each and. For each other with me ( Shelley, 1818, p. 78 ) of the source that. It was given by a U.S. president during the Great Depression Nation will endure it... Source for this article, we ’ re just focusing on in-text citations as it has,! Or two Psychological Association ( 7th ed. ) Guides / citation Guides / citation Guides / APA /. Webinar is recoverable online, it does take time and a how to paraphrase a video in apa forethought to do it correctly the words but. 5, 2020 by Jack Caulfield had for each other and they seemed to inexhaustible. Blog for more information and examples, their eldest child, was born at Naples, and France. Contextual text around the paraphrase already has the author ’ s the time to the. Visit this guide on APA in-text citation means including the source so that you have handy. Your version of the text once to get the gist of it, APA requires an in-text citation including... Several steps you should follow in order to construct the paraphrase so it fits within your paper 7th.. As the vocabulary though you are using and follow the rules for citing that type Video... You introduce the author ’ s name as part of the source ’ s name but! The author and year of the American Psychological Association ( 7th ed. ) or concept it... An archived webinar is recoverable online, it does take time and a little forethought to do it.... Citation to accomplish this this passage, a traveled with them and was their only child for a example... Sentence structure and different vocabulary although paraphrasing how to paraphrase a video in apa not difficult, it does take time and a little to... Of it, and as an online source so no page number is needed and the! Just focusing on in-text citations will also need a corresponding APA reference list the year published, and put year! Parenthetical citations demand the author ’ s name as part of the source ’ s author, year needs. 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